Overcoming Depression


What are the symptoms of depression?

  • The symptoms include some combination of what is listed below:
    • Prolonged sadness or feelings of emptiness
    • Feelings of helplessness or hopelessness
    • Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
    • Anger and irritability
    • Restlessness
    • Difficulty concentrating
    • Fatigue
    • Changes in sleep patterns
    • Appetite changes
    • Chronic pain, headaches or stomach aches
    • Loss of interest in activities
    • Withdrawal from friends and family 
    • Thoughts of death or suicide   

What is the treatment for depression?

  • Depression requires professional treatment. With the proper care, people can improve and feel better.
    • Psychotherapy is an effective treatment for depression. The benefits of psychotherapy may have an enduring effect that protects against symptoms returning even once treatment has ended. 
    • Antidepressant medication may be helpful for reducing depression symptoms in some people, especially if they have severe depression.

How will a psychologist help with depression?

  • Pinpoint life events that contribute to depression and help people find ways to change, accept, or adapt to those situations
  • Set realistic goals for the future
  • Identify distorted thought processes or unhelpful behaviors that contribute to feelings of hopelessness and helplessness
  • Develop skills to cope with symptoms and problems, and identify or prevent future episodes of depression.  

What therapy forms are used for depression?

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
    • Therapy in which patients learn to identify and manage negative thought and behavior patterns that can contribute to depression. CBT helps patients identify unhelpful or negative thinking, change inaccurate beliefs, change behaviors that might make depression worse, and interact with others in more positive ways.  
  • Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
    • Therapy in which patients learn to improve their relationships with others by better expressing their emotions and solving problems in healthier ways. IPT helps patients resolve or adapt to troubling life events, build social skills and organize their relationships to increase support for coping with depressive symptoms and life stressors.  

Interested? Please send an email to Dr. Kolzet at julie@doctorkolzet.com